Bartholin’s Gland Cysts treatment can come in many different forms. With treatment comes coding for the different classifications and procedures to take care of the cysts. Staying up-to-date with coding can help you organize and get ready for treatment. Continue reading below to learn more!

Bartholin’s glands are two fluid-filled swellings that lubricate the vagina prior to and during sexual intimacy. Due to their size, they can easily become blocked or obstructed by bacteria and cause a cyst or abscess Most Bartholin’s cyst are asymptomatic and resolve on their own. If a
cyst does not resolve on its own, it can grow larger, swollen, and painful. 

Treatment options:

Sitz baths and time are usually the first line of treatment. In most instances, the cyst will rupture on it’s own.  However, if conservative treatment does not work, an incision and drainage may be done with a word catheter inserted into the cyst space.  This word catheter is left in place from four to six weeks to help with healing.  Another treatment is surgical marsupialization. The physician will grasp the cyst and create a vertical incision between 1.5 and 3.0 cm long.  This will drain the gland cavity. After that the cyst will be open and the physician will suture the edges of the sit to form a continuous surface from the exterior surface to the interior surface of the cyst. Clinicians also use lasers and injections to treat these cysts. It is also possible to surgically excise the gland or cyst from the vaginal area.  Excision of the cyst is the most invasive treatment option. 


  • 56420:  I&D of Bartholin’s gland abscess
  • 56440: Marsupialization of Bartholin’s gland cyst
  • 56740: Excision of Bartholin’s gland cyst.

CPT code 56420 is used to report an I&D for a gland that is abscessed. If there was no abscess present, (the cyst was filled with clear fluid), and an I&D was performed, the coder should report one of the following:

  • 10040: Acne surgery (ie: marsupialization, opening or removal of multiple milia, comedones, cysts, pustules)
  • 10060: I&D of abscess (ie: carbuncle, suppurative hidradenitis, cutaneous or subcutaneous abscess, cyst, furuncle, or paronychia), simple or single
  • 10061: … complicated or multiple

Code 56740 is used to report a complete excision.  If the clinician uses a C02 laser or performs a destruction, then report CPT code 56501 (destruction of lesion(s), vulva, simple) or 56515 (…extensive)

ICD 10 CM Coding:

  • N75.0: cyst of Bartholin’s gland
  • N75.1: abscess of Bartholin’s gland
  • N75.8: Other diseases of Bartholin’s gland
  • N75.9: disease of Bartholin’s gland, unspecified.

Be sure to code either a cyst or an abscess. If the clinician notes the presence of bacteria within the abscess, a laboratory code for the specific bacteria can be coded secondary to the abscess code. 

**  AMA CPT 2021

**  AMA ICD-10-CM 2021

**  AMA Obstetrics and Gynecology